is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age, and other demographic factors like sex. The most commonly used measure is life expectancy at birth
), which can be defined in two ways. Cohort
LEB is the mean length of life of a birth cohort and can be computed only for cohorts born so long ago that all their members have died. Period
LEB is the mean length of life of a hypothetical cohort assumed to be exposed, from birth through death, to the mortality rates observed at a given year.